Sambandha-tattva means the absolute truth regarding the mutual relationship between the Sri Krishna, the jiva and maya, the external material energy.
Beautiful Truths of Bhagavatam (I): Truth of Guru
2020-07-31 (Mahanidhi Madan Gopal Das): Srimad Bhagavatam is
called the “king of all spiritual books” (Grantha
Raja) for good reason. Within this triguna-free, immaculate and divine
spiritual shastra, the amala purana, one will find all the
sweet, majestic and beautiful truths about the sadhana and sadhya (daily
practice and perfection) of Gaudiya Vaisnavism.
In his most compassionate
and wonderful shastra, Sri Chaitanya
Caritamrita, Sri Krishna Dasa Kaviraja summarizes all the teachings of the six
Goswamis of Vrindavana along with the key Bhagavatam verses which prove and
substantiate these beautiful truths, and which the Goswamis themselves quoted
in their own shastras. The same
Bhagavatam verse is sometimes quoted once or twice or even four times within
the Sri Chaitanya Caritamrita to highlight its importance for all devotees of
Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and Radha-Govinda Yugala.
With the grace of Sri
Advaita Prabhu, Sri Guru and the Vaisnavas, we will quote some of these
important Srimad Bhagavatam verses from the Sri Chaitanya Caritamrita to
present the beautiful truths of Gaudiya Vaisnavism regarding Sri Krishna, Sri
Radha, Bhakti Sadhana, Sri Harinama, Krishna Prema, Sri Guru and the Vaisnavas.
Beautiful Truth of Sri Guru
We will begin by
describing the basis, beginning point, and the fundamental truths of Krishna
bhakti regarding the identity, position and relationship of the sadhaka (the jivatma) with Bhagavan Sri Krishna which is called sambandha tattva.
the absolute truth regarding the mutual relationship between the Sri Krishna,
the jiva and maya, the external material energy. Sambandha means the relationship, bonding and exchanges that
culminate in ultimate love, Krishna prema.
Included within the category of sambandha-tattva
are the beautiful truths i.e. tattvas
of Guru, Vaisnava, Bhagavat (SB), Sri Krishna, Gaura, Nityananda, Shakti, and
Why does Sri Rupa Gosvami
say bhakti bhajana proper begins with
surrender to the spiritual master, adau
guru padaashraya? (Bhakti Rasamrita Sindhu 1.2.74) Why, because the
benevolent master is the essential contact, connecting point and eternal link
between me and God, Bhagavan and the jiva.
The beautiful truth about Sri Guru is
the substratum of all other spiritual truths.
Thus we now present
some of the key Srimad Bhagavatam verses illuminating the truth of Sri Guru. It
is suggested that all sincere sadhakas
learn and reflect upon these verses. By doing so one will deepen his/her faith,
devotional taste and realization, and also increase one’s enthusiasm to serve
Sri Krishna and Sri Guru more and more.
Sri Guru is One with Sri Krishna
Bhagavan Sri Krishna
said, “O Uddhava! You should know the ācārya,
Śrī Gurudeva, to be My very self. You should never disrespect him in any
way, be envious of him, or judge him to be an ordinary man, because within Śrī
Guru are all the devatas.”
Tika Srila Prabhupada:
“Sri Guru is like a parent. Without the attentive service of his parents a
child cannot grow to manhood. Similarly, without the care of Sri Guru one
cannot rise to the plane of transcendental service.
“In the Vāyu Purāṇa an ācārya is defined as one who knows the
import of all the Vedic literatures, abides by their rules and regulations, and
teaches his disciples to act in the same way. Only out of His immense
compassion does Bhagavan Sri Krishna reveal Himself as the spiritual master.
Therefore in the dealings of an ācārya
there are no activities but the transcendental loving service to Sri Krishna.
“The spiritual master
is known to be a direct manifestation of Bhagavan Sri Krishna and a genuine
representative of Śrī Nityānanda Prabhu. A disciple should always respect Sri
Guru as a manifestation of Śrī Kṛṣṇa.
“Śrīla Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī
confirms that one should always think of Sri Guru in terms of his intimate
relationship with Mukunda Sri Krishna
[nikunjayunoratikelisiddhyai...]. Sri Jiva Goswamipada says BS 213), ‘The
disciple should see Sri Guru as one with Bhagavan Sri Krishna in terms of his
being very dear Sri Krishna but not identical with Bhagavan all respect.
“In all the ancient bhakti shastras and in the bhajans of Sri Narottama Dasa Thakura
and Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura, Sri Guru is always considered to be either one of
the confidential associates of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī or a manifested representation
of Śrīla Nityānanda Prabhu.” (Cc. 1.1.46 pur.)
Accept Sri Guru as Your Life and Soul
SB 11.2.37, (4x in CC)
“The jivas adverse to Bhagavan Sri Krishna
are bewildered and full of fear due to misidentifying with their temporary
material bodies because of absorption in Krishna’s maya i.e. the external, illusory energy. Therefore, an intelligent
person, after accepting Sri Guru as his master and very self (guru devatātmā), must worship
Parameshvara Bhagavan Sri Krishna with one-pointed devotion (aikantiki bhakti).”
Tika Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti:
“Krishna bhaktas should not fear
bondage in saṁsāra because as soon as
one starts bhakti bhajana fear is
naturally destroyed. Non-devotees, however, will always be bound by fear and samsara because they falsely identify
with their material body and senses.
“Sri Brahmaji says, ’O
Krishna! Until people become Your devotees, their material attachments and
desires are thieves, their homes are prisons, and their affectionate feelings
for their family members are iron chains binding their feet.’ (SB 10.14.36)
“That fear of saṁsāra takes two forms: foolishness and
forgetfulness. Foolishness means thinking, “I am this body!” And forgetfulness
means not knowing or forgetting one is actually an eternal spiritual being, a jivatma.
“The forgetful ones
never ask questions concerning their past or future. They never ask, “Who am I?
What should I do? What was I before? What will I be after?” The word ataḥ in line one of this verse means
that the wise, after gaining intelligence by the mercy of Gurudeva’s lotus
feet, should fully worship (bhajet)
Bhagavan Sri Krishna with pure bhakti devoid
of other desires and devoid of karma or jñāna. Such a wise soul considers Sri
Guru to be as dear as Bhagavan Sri Krishna and as dear as the self.
3. Sri Krishna Appears Before Our Eyes as Sri Guru and Internally as the
“Sri Uddhava said, ‘O
Parameshvara Sri Krishna! Intelligent devotees attain the pinnacle of bliss
whenever they remember all that You have done for them. And even if they had
the lifespan of Sri Brahmaji, they could never pay off their debt to You. For
You so kindly appear in two features—externally as the acharya Sri Guru and
internally as Paramātma (Antaryami)—to
destroy their misfortune and show the way to You [Krishna prema].”
Tika Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti:
“To this Sri Krishna replies, ‘O Uddhavaji! Because I give all benedictions
only to persons who worship Me, such bestowals are not unconditional. Rather
they are conditional.’
Uddhava: ‘Hey Bhagavan!
This is not so. Whatever worship the devotees perform is actually given by You
alone. You are the supreme unconditional giver of benedictions. People can
never repay their debt even by serving You for thousands of Brahmā’s lifetimes.
‘When Your devotees
remember what You have done for them, their bliss increases. What have you
done? You appear externally as the mantra-guru
and śikṣā-guru to give them mantra diksha and bhakti shiksha. And You appear internally as Paramātmā to give them the intelligence to attain You, dadāmibuddhi-yogaṁtaṁyenamāmupayāntite.
‘And it is You alone
that make Your devotees worship You, and You reveal to them the goal of
becoming Your eternal loving associate.’
Qualifications of Real Disciple
“A disciple of the Guru
should be free from false pride and never consider him/herself to be the doer.
The disciple should be active, expert, never lazy, and free from the false
conception of “I and mine.” The disciple should have feelings of loving
friendship toward Sri Guru, and be patient in attaining the goal, without
becoming overwhelmed by material passion. The disciple must eagerly inquire
about the Absolute Truth, be free from envy, and always avoid useless talk.”
Tika Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti:
“The true disciple should be devoid of possessiveness (nimamaḥ), and have firm affection Sri Guru and Sri Krishna. The
disciple should not be hasty [madly passionate] in attaining his desired goal (asatvaraḥ) of Krishna prema.”
Sri Guru tattva ki jai!
Srimad Bhagavatam ki jai! Jaya Jaya Sri Radhe!